易哈佛 \ 执业医师 \ 2015年青海执业医师考试考前冲刺卷(8)

2015年青海执业医师考试考前冲刺卷(8)

2018年执业医师考点真题库

2015年青海执业医师考试考前冲刺卷(8)

  • 本卷共分为2大题22小题,作答时间为180分钟,总分100分,60分及格。
  • 试卷来源:易哈佛教育

一、单项选择题(共19题,每题2分。每题的备选项中,只有一个最符合题意)

1.溃疡边缘不规整,基底有桑葚状小结节,疼痛明显的是

A.结核性溃疡
B.创伤性溃疡
C.癌性溃疡
D.腺周口疮
E.梅毒下疳

2.Writing Effective Job Descriptions A job description describes the major (0) of an employee’’s job or position. A good job description begins with a careful (19) of the important facts about a job, such as the individual tasks (20), the methods used to complete the tasks, the purpose and responsibilities of the job, the (21) of the job to other jobs, and the (22) needed for the job. It’’s important to (23) a job description practical by keeping it dynamic, functional, and current. Don’’t get stuck with an inflexible job description! A poor job description will (24) you and your employees from trying anything new and (25) how to perform their job more productively. A well-written, practical job description will (26) you avoid hearing a refusal to carry out a relevant assignment because "It isn’’t in my job description." Realistically speaking, many jobs are (27) to change due either to personal growth, organizational development, and the evolution of new technologies. (28) job descriptions will encourage your employees to grow within their positions and learn how to make larger (29) to your company. For example: Is your office manager stuck (30) ordering office supplies for the company and keeping the storage closet well stocked or is he (31) and implementing a system of ordering office supplies that promotes cost savings and (32) within the organization When writing a job description, keep in mind that the job description will (33) as a major basis for outlining job training or conducting future job evaluations.A. statisticsB. placesC. addressesD. areasEXAMPLE:The correct answer for blank (0) is D.

A.enable
B.help
C.stop
D.make

4.2007年,全国研究与试验发展(R&D)经费总支出为3710.2亿元,增长23.5%,研究与试验发展(R81D)经费投入强度(与国内生产总值之比)为1.49%。按研究与试验发展人员(全时工作量)计算的人均经费支出为21.4万元,比上年增加1.4万元。 分活动类型看,基础研究经费支出为174.5亿元,比上年增长12%;应用研究经费支出为492.9亿元,增长0.8%;试验发展经费支出3042.8亿元,增长29.5%。基础研究、应用研究、试验发展经费支出所占比重分别为4.7%、13.3%和82%。 分执行部门看,各类企业经费支出为2681.9亿元,比上年增长25.6%;政府部门属研究机构经费支出687.9亿元,增长21.3%;高等学校经费支出314.7亿元,增长13.7%。企业、政府部门属研究机构、高等学校经费支出占全国总支出的比重分别为72.3%、18.5%和8.5%。 分产业部门看,八大行业的研究与试验发展(R&D)经费投入强度(与主营业务收入之比)超过1%。专用设备制造业为1.95%,医药制造业为1.82%,通用设备制造业为1.53%,电气机械及器材制造业为1.42%,交通运输设备制造业为1.41%,橡胶制品业为1.28%,通信设备、计算机及其他电子设备制造业为1.15%,仪器仪表及文化、办公用机械制造业为1.03%。 分地区看,研究与试验发展(R&D)经费支出超过100亿元的有北京、江苏、广东、山东、上海、浙江、辽宁、四川、陕西、天津、湖北和河南共12个省(市),共支出2994.6亿元,占全国经费总支出的80.7%。研究与试验发展(R&D)经费投入强度(与地区生产总值之比)达到或超过全国水平的有北京、上海、天津、陕西、江苏、浙江和辽宁7个省(市)。 2006年,试验发展经费支出占全国研究和试验发展总经费支出的比重是__。

A.84%
B.78.2%
C.82%
D.77.6%

7.善去中焦湿热、泻心胃火毒的药是

A.黄连
B.栀子
C.黄芩
D.龙胆草
E.黄柏

8.As the pace of life continues to increase, we are fast losing the art of relaxation. (1) you are in the habit of rushing through life, being on the go from morning till night, it is hard to (2) down. But relaxation is (3) for a healthy mind and body.Stress is a (4) part of everyday life and there is no way to (5) it. In fact,it is not the bad thing that it is often supposed to be. A (6) amount of stress is important to provide motivation and give (7) to life. It is only when the stress gets out of control (8) it can lead to poor performance and (9) health.The amount of stress a person can bear(10) very much on the individual. Some people are not afraid of stress, and such (11) are obviously chief material for managerial responsibilities. Others lose heart at first (12) of unusual difficulties. When exposed to stress, in (13) form, we react both chemically and physically. In fact we (14) a choice between escape and fight. But in more ancient days they made the (15) between life and death. The crises (危机)we meet today are (16) to be so extreme,but however little the stress,it requires the same response. It is when such a reaction (17) long,through continued exposure to stress,that health becomes (18) .Such serious conditions as high blood pressure and heart diseases have (19) links with stress. (20) we canno! remove stress from our lives we need to find ways to deal with it.It would be unwise to do so even it we could.So what do you think of stressWhat is your way to deal with it. 第(15)空应选择()

A.decision
B.promise
C.difference
D.choice

11.片剂中作润滑剂()

A.氟里昂
B.月桂氮草酮
C.可可豆脂
D.硝酸苯汞
E.硬脂酸镁

12.口服液剂在贮存中常见的变质现象是

A.挥发
B.霉变
C.沉淀
D.虫蛀
E.酸败

13.营养不良时免疫功能低下是

A.白细胞吞噬功能下降
B.补体功能低下
C.T细胞亚群改变
D.体液免疫功能低下
E.免疫功能全面下降

14.血清蛋白电泳β球蛋白的正常值为__。

A.3%~4%
B.6%~10%
C.7%~11%
D.9%~18%
E.61%~71%

15.下列哪种心动过速不是由于折返所致

A.预激综合征合并的旁路折返性心动过速
B.房室结折返性心动过速
C.房性折返性心动过速
D.房室折返性心动过速
E.洋地黄中毒所致房性心动过速

17.1287-435+565-287的值是__。

A.1245
B.1000
C.1130
D.1030

18.Generally speaking, a British is widely regarded as a quiet, shy and conservative person who is (1) only among those with whom he is acquainted. When a stranger is at present, he often seems nervous, (2) embarrassed. You have to take a commuter train any morning or evening to (3) the truth of this. Serious-looking businessmen and women sit reading their newspapers or dozing in a corner; hardly anybody talks, since to do so would be considered quite offensive. (4) , there is an unwritten but clearly understood code of behavior which, (5) broken, makes the offender immediately the object of (6) .It has been known as a fact that a British has a (7) for the discussion of their weather and that, if given a chance, he will talk about it (8) . Some people argue that it is because the British weather seldom (9) forecast and hence becomes a source of interest and (10) to everyone. This may be so. (11) a British cannot have much (12) in the weathermen, who, after promising fine, sunny weather for the following day, are often proved wrong (13) a cloud over the Atlantic brings rainy weather to all districts! The man in the street seems to be as accurate — or as inaccurate — as the weathermen in his (14) .Foreigners may be surprised at the number of references (15) weather that the British make to each other in the course of a single day. Very often conversational greetings are (16) by comments on the weather. "Nice day, isn’t it" "Beautiful!" may well be heard instead of "Good morning, how are you" (17) the foreigner may consider this exaggerated and comic, it is worthwhile pointing out that it could be used to his advantage. (18) he wants to start a conversation with a British but is (19) to know where to begin, he could do well to mention the state of the weather. It is a safe subject which will (20) an answer from even the most reserved of the British. Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C, and D on ANSWER SHEET 1.6()

A.suspicion
B.opposition
C.criticism
D.praise

19.To understand the marketing concept, it is only necessary to understand the difference between marketing and selling. Not too many years ago, most industries concentrated (1) on the efficient production of goods, and then relied on " (2) salesmanship" to move as much of these goods as possible. Such production and (3) focuses on the needs of the seller to produce goods and then (4) them into money.Marketing, (5) , focuses on the wants of consumers. It begins with first analyzing the (6) and demands of consumers and the producing goods that will satisfy them. This eye-on-the-consumer approach is known as the marketing concept, which simply means that (7) trying to sell (8) is easiest to produce or buy for resale, the makers and dealers first (9) to find out what the consumer wants to buy and then (10) making it (11) for (12) .This concept does not imply that business is benevolent or that consumer satisfaction is given (13) over profit in a company. There are always (14) to every business transaction—the firm and the customer—and each must be satisfied before trade occurs. Successful merchants and producers, however, recognize that the surest route to profit is (15) understanding and catering to customers.A(n) (16) example of the importance of catering to the consumer (17) itself in mid-1985, when Coca Cola changed the flavor of its drink. The (18) of the new flavor by a (19) portion of the public (20) a prompt restoration of the Classic Coke, which was then marketed alongside the new. King Customer ruled! 8()

A.wherever
B.whatever
C.anything
D.everything

二、多项选择题(共19题,每题2分。每题的备选项中,有多个符合题意)

3.

(四)某工程,建设单位与施工单位按照《建设工程施工合同(示范文本)》签订了施工合同,采用可调价施工合同形式。工期20个月,项目监理机构批准的施工总进度计划见图2,各项工作在其持续时间内均按匀速进展,每月计划完成投资见表1。

表1各项工作每月完成的投资(万元)

(四)
某工程,建设单位与施工单位按照《建设工程施工合同(示范文本)》签订了施工合同,采用可调价施工合同形式。工期20个月,项目监理机构批准的施工总进度计划见图2,各项工作在其持续时间内均按匀速进展,每月计划完成投资见表1。

试卷来源:易哈佛教育

总分:100分

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